Small Logo
Hammockweb
Evolution of HTML, How HTML & HTTP functions

Hammockweb Logo Hammockweb Logo

Header Image

Evolution of HTML and HTTP
Mar 27 2016

    HTML transformed Internet. It streamlined the online world and paved way for the Internet we see today.

     

    Internet before HTML

    Even before HTML, Internet did exist. Internet then had tens of thousands of computers connected to each other. However content could never be easily published for all the computer users as it can be today or even few years back. Even the computer users with best connectivity had dialing line which connected to a local bulletin board. These local bulletin boards had usually one or few more phone lines connected to them. Computer users connected to these local bulletin boards could upload and download files or read and leave messages. However if other computer users wanted to connect to the same bulletin board, one of the users had to log off and replace. Occasionally bulletin boards did swap messages with each other, but only with a huge delay.

     

    Invention of HTML

    In early 1990s Sir Timothy Berners-Lee realized the existing problem faced by experimenters at CERN (the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, where the Large Hadron Collider is now also situated). Scientists around the world were working with these experimenters and communicated with each other using the existing Internet system. However scientists wanted a quick and efficient method of distributing documents with other fellow scientists and experimenters.

    Soon realizing the need for a better Internet, Sir Timothy Berners-Lee created a hyper-linking framework, called HTTP or Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. To make use of this Protocol, he also created a language called HTML or HyperText Markup Language, and the world’s  first web browser, called NextEditor browser.

     

    How HTML changed the face of Internet?

    HTML changed everything right away. Computers all over the world could connect to a local Internet host and stay in touch with any other web connected computer. Bulletin boards and other documents could be stored anywhere across the globe. And they were now just a click away. This remarkable invention paved way for the Internet we see today. With billions of devices connected over the Internet today, it has truly transformed our lives. Information exchange and communication was taken to the next level and the world would never be the same again. Voices of people around the globe could now easily reach each other, at a click of a button.

     

    How HTML communicates with a server?

    So how exactly HTML communicates with the server. It does this with the help of a hyper-linking framework called HTTP and a computer also called a web server. HTTP or HyperText Transfer Protocol, is the communication standard that is used to control requests and responses. The requests and responses occur between clients such as a web browser of our computer or smartphone, and a web server. The web server accepts the requests from a client such as Web Browser. It then replies back to the browser in the most meaningful way it can. When the server just returns a web page the process is called serving. Web servers could now connect dozens, hundreds or even thousands of simultaneous users at a time, using just a single internet connection.

    A web server mostly listens to incoming requests request from clients. When it receives a request it first returns a safe receipt confirmation response or response code 200 which refers to OK. While processing the client requests, there are many other requests and responses that keep on happening between the browser and client. The most common response which comes after the safe receipt confirmation response is the document requested by client or an error message such as 404 error, which stands for file not found. 

    For the request response sequence to complete, there are many essential components (routers, gateways and proxies) used in between the server and client. Web router selects the best route for transferring data in between the server and client. It ensures that the selected route allows the fastest transfer. Gateways are the nodes that act as a connection located on the edge of one network. Proxies support the indirect connections by acting as a destination and then requesting the data from the server and returning back to the client. It also makes use of cache which stores commonly requested documents.

     

    Website Designing Company

    HammockWeb is a Top Web Designing Company, based in Los Angeles. As a Website Designing Company we love to share what we know best. If you are interested to get a great website designed then do let us know. We also provide Website Maintenance Services.


     Comments

    No Comment Found

    Your name field required
    Comments field required
    Captch code field required

    Blog Category

    You may also like...

    Web Design That Generates Leads

    Unless they’re coming in from one of your amazing blog posts (you do have a blog, right?), your home page will be the first impression your future client or customer gets of you. It may be the only time they ever look at your business. You don’t want them to run screaming off into the distance. You want them to, you know, stick around and eventually maybe even buy your stuff or hire you. Here are some tips from a leading web design agency in Los Angeles, for designing a home page that generates leads. 

    Make It Professional

    The first step to designing a home page that generates leads is to make sure it looks professional. I’m sure you already know that you don’t want a website that looks like it’s designed by a kindergartener (although these days…)

    This isn’t the 90s. Slapping fifty different colors down on a black background with three JavaScript popups is a thing of the past. But you also can’t just stick your text into the basic WordPress theme and call it a day.

    You want a site that looks reputable. And that might cost some money. You should at least spend a bit for the pro version of a theme.

    Before you spend some bucks, though, do some research. Who are your competitors? Better yet, which of your competitors seem to be doing good business. What does their website look like? What do other professional sites in your field look like?

    Take some notes. Make some sketches. Yes, I know. It’s like school, but it’ll pay off in the end. You don’t want other people getting your business, just because your website looks sketchy.

    Now look at your notes. Can you make your website with a WordPress theme? Great! Go ahead!

    Need a fancier website. Find WordPress intimidating? Hire a web development firm. You’ll thank yourself later.

    If you’re making the web page yourself, here are a few tips.

    •        Leave some white space

    •        Keep clutter down

    •        Use one or two compelling images that represent what your company does

    •        Don’t do almost anything that looks like it walked out of the 90s

    Tell Them What You Do and How It’ll Help Them

    This may seem like a no-brainer, but when you're designing a home page, you should definitely make sure your potential customers or clients know what you do or what you sell. I don’t just mean something vague like “web designer.” Be specific, because your future customers are looking for specifics. Let them know you’re a web designer specializing in e-commerce sites or a ranch that sells, specifically, organic free-range dinosaurs.

    Once they know what you do, make sure your visitors know how what you do will benefit them. Your e-commerce site designs may increase their sales or their productivity. Your free-range dinosaur meat may give them vitamins lost since the dawn of time.

    Don’t forget to provide examples. If you do project work, such as designing web pages or editing books, link to a portfolio. That way customers can get an idea of what you do and how you do it.

    Give a Clear, Immediate Call-to-Action

    In order to design a home page that generates leads, you have to actually prompt people to do something that will add them to your list potential clients. Now, it may take a bit to reel in a new client. Or they may be ready to work with you right this moment. Either way, your home page should direct the visitor to do, well, something. And, for the eager visitor, it should do it before that visitor ever scrolls down. This should be your primary call-to-action, which means it should be something like “Get a Free Quote” or “Buy This Thing and Save 20%” or “Fill Out This Form and Get This Free Thing.”

    Personalize Your CTAs

    This will get a bit more complicated, but if you can you should personalize your CTAs. Hubspot says that personalized CTAs work 42% better than just plain old unpersonalized CTAs.

    What’s a personalized CTA? A personalized CTA adapts to your visitor. For instance, if your visitor has already filled out your newsletter form, you don’t want your CTA to prompt them to fill out the same form again. Instead, you might want offer them a free quote instead.

    Provide Social Proof

    You know what the best advertisement is? Word of mouth. Word of mouth, however, is a bit hard to set off just whenever you want.

    You know what’s almost the same as word of mouth? Testimonials and big name clients. Put a few on your front page to prove you’ve actually done something that someone likes.

    This is called social proof. Dr. Robert Cialdini did a study (see a write-up of it) where he encouraged people to reuse towels in a hotel. Cialdini found that more people reused towels if told that other people also reused towels than reused towels if told that reusing towels would mean the hotel would donate money to help the environment. In other words, social proof was an even more powerful motivator than altruism.

    Where do you get testimonials? Well, from your clients and customers. It’s not rude to ask. If people like your work, I’ve found they’ll be eager to give you a bit of help.

    Put Your Address and Telephone Number

    If you have a physical address, put it on your home page. If you have a telephone number, put it on your home page. They’ll make you look like you’re a real person. (You are a real person, right?)

    Keep Your Home Page Your Home Page

    One-page home pages are popular right now, but if you can’t keep your website sleek enough to fit one page, I’d suggesting putting some stuff a bit deeper. Put an example post or two on your front page, but give the rest of your blog its own space. Same with your portfolio. Basically, just don’t make your visitors scroll on for all eternity.

    Make Sure Your Website is Responsive

    Your whole website should be responsive, but pay special attention to how your home page design looks on mobile phones. Is the call-to-action still one of the first things your visitor sees. Is it still obvious what you do? Is the text large and readable? Can a visitor still fill out any forms, even if they’re on a phone?

    Basically, if you give your business card to someone and then they look up your website on their smartphone, will they be impressed or confused?

    Your home page is important. It's not just something you throw up because you're supposed to have a main page! It's not just a welcome mat. It is, in a way, your front window into the world. And, with a little thought, a home page can be designed so that it generates leads and brings you more business

    6 Things you need to Know to Design a Great Website User Experience

    A website that makes a visitor feel like it was designed just for them, does wonders in retaining those users and making them come back for more. Navigation, text, media and graphics are the primary factors which should be kept in mind while designing a website.

    Understanding how visitors browse through sites is important to determine the dos and don’ts of web development. Here, we are listing some tips that will improve your website’s user experience and navigation.

    Information is Important

    Imagine this: You visit a website which is attractive in design, but it doesn’t give you the information you need, or is overshadowed by the visuals. Will you stay on the website?

    Although design is a great factor in attracting visitors, it is not usually the design a user is looking for. A website that focuses on the design more than the information tends to be overwhelming to the visitor, leading to the user abandoning the webpage and searching for another source.

    A web development company should bear in mind to keep the design simple and uncluttered. Integrate designs and images in your website which will help the user easily determine what the site is about and where to look for certain information. If the design hinders the user in acquiring information, get rid of it and replace it with a design that aids the user in finding out what they want in a hassle-free manner.

    Be Responsive

    The saying “content is like water” is the basis of responsive web designs. Designing a website that is responsive means that content can be viewed easily in all devices—laptops, mobiles, tablets, you name it. Getting a responsive design for your website ensures that your visitors are not annoyed if they have to constantly zoom in to read the content while using a smartphone.

    Since 80% of internet users utilize mobile devices, it is important for a website designing company to understand that websites should accommodate mobile and smartphone users or be left behind in the competitive race of web development.

    Furthermore, Google has changed its algorithm and now ranks your website on the basis of how mobile-friendly it is. So if businesses want to improve the ranking of their websites, going mobile is a great option.

    Cut Down on the Page Load Time

    Whether you are standing in a queue, or hanging around for the lunch you ordered to arrive, waiting is frustrating. Waiting for a webpage to load is a similar experience and since, in this case, a user has the choice to leave the page entirely, this is commonly the option people opt for when a page takes too long to load. According to Radware, a two second delay in website’s loading time resulted in abandonment rates as high as 87%.

    Moreover, with a high page load time, businesses suffer more today than they did a few years back. In 2010, if a page took six seconds to load, it suffered a conversion hit of -40%. Today, the same time will take a hit of -50%. Users expect a sleek and friendly webpage where they don’t have to wait too long and it is up to the web development company to provide them that.

    You can use GT Metrix, Website Grader, and Google’s PageSpeed Insights to analyze your site’s speed and make fixes wherever required. Enabling browser caching and compression and optimizing images will minimize your page load time to a great extent.

    Be Visually Responsible

    Images are a great way to tell a story without words. Successful websites make the use of images on their home pages to tell the visitor what the business is about and what the visitor will get out of it. Too much of a good thing, however, is dangerous.

    As we’ve mentioned above, images hog a lot of bandwidth, which results in a high page load time for a website. To counter that, images should be scaled down or compressed so that bandwidth remains free and visitors to your website can enjoy a great website-user experience.

    Another thing to keep in mind, while designing a website, is that images should not be stock photos. Instead, use images of your own. Remember, the purpose of a website is to brand your image, and it won’t be possible if you are not using images of your own company/products.

    The Navigation Bar is Your Friend

    So, now that you have a responsive website with a simple, elegant design and have taken measures to reduce the page load time, you have ensured that a user will visit your website without hassle. The next step is to plan to make the visitor stay on your site, and here’s where the navigation bar comes into play.

    Navigation bar is a guide to your website, and if the guide is not helpful, the visitor will not be engaged and will promptly leave. According to a research by Forrester, if the first visit to a website is negative, 40% of the visitors will not return.

    When you are hiring a website development company to design a corporate website, discuss your content with them and the design for the navigation bar. Design director Daniel Alves comments that the navigation bar is “the most important design element on a website.”

    In order to create an interactive navigation bar, keep the design simple and easy-to-read. Since people read in a left-to-right pattern, it is advised to keep your products and services on the left of the bar and the “actions” on the right.

    Sharing is Caring

    Social sharing is the new boom. Integration of social media sharing buttons gives you the opportunity to make your visitors your advertisers. The more the people share your web pages on social networks, the more your exposure is increased. So embrace the practice of social media sharing and watch as the traffic on your website multiplies!

     

    Bottom line: Keep the user’s perspective in mind. If there is anything that annoys you while browsing sites, chances are that they will annoy other users, too, so it is best to employ those methods which help the user find exactly what they are looking for on your site without getting lost or overwhelmed by your website navigation. A user-friendly website will entice new visitors and turn them into regulars.